Research shows homework doesnt help
This result clearly caught the researchers off-guard. The same teacher who handed out the assignments then turns around and evaluates the students who completed them.
Permission must be obtained in order to reprint this chapter in a published work or in order to offer it for sale in any form. Again, the results were not the same in all countries, even when the focus was limited to the final years of high school where the contribution of homework is thought to be strongest.
Thousands of students are asked one question — How much time do you spend on homework? It's important to remember that some people object to homework for reasons that aren't related to the dispute about whether research might show that homework provides academic benefits.
Believe they've found the body of missing 6-year-old. The kids who had drilled on the material — a process that happened to take place at home — did better on their respective class tests. That's not a surprising proposition for a careful reader of reports in this field.
Research casting doubt on that assumption goes back at least to , when a study found that assigning spelling homework had no effect on how proficient children were at spelling later on.
For third graders, the correlations were negative: Thus, to say that more homework is associated with better school performance as measured by grades is to provide no useful information about whether homework is intrinsically valuable. But let's pretend that we really do know how much homework students do.
The third found benefits at two of three grade levels, but all of the students in this study who were assigned homework also received parental help. The issue has been debated for decades. Their assessments ranged from homework having positive effects, no effects, or complex effects to the suggestion that the research was too sparse or poorly conducted to allow trustworthy conclusions. The final study, a dissertation project, involved teaching a lesson contained in a language arts textbook.
For older students, more homework was correlated with higher reading scores U. See Kohn b, , which includes analysis and research to support the claims made in the following paragraphs. Each is seriously flawed in its own way. Those in the middle, who said they did minutes a night, got slightly higher scores. How old are the students? Lyons has also conducted an informal investigation to gauge the impact of this shift.
The second phenomenon that standardized tests measure is how skillful a particular group of students is at taking standardized tests — and, increasingly, how much class time has been given over to preparing them to do just that.
These first two flaws combine to cast doubt on much of the existing data, according to a damning summary that appears in the Encyclopedia of Educational Research: Every step of this syllogism is either flawed or simply false. File Consumer Complaint Volunteer. But if that is all they do with little stress relief, children will learn to see this world as constantly stressful and incredibly demanding.
Other countries whup the pants off us in international exams. In fact, there isn't even a positive correlation between, on the one hand, having younger children do some homework vs. Comment Name Email Website. If these data can be extrapolated to other subjects — a research topic that warrants immediate study, in our opinion — then countries that try to improve their standing in the world rankings of student achievement by raising the amount of homework might actually be undermining their own success.
But if we look more closely, even that description turns out to be too generous. Why this might be true is open to interpretation. He gave less and less homework each year before finally eliminating it completely. They just move right along -- even though those estimates raise troubling questions about the whole project, and about all homework studies that are based on self-report.
Let's put these arguments aside for now, even though they ought to be but rarely are included in any discussion of the topic. Sadler and Robert H. The four, in order, are Finstad; Townsend; Foyle; and Meloy. The Maltese et al. But in fact there is now empirical evidence, not just logic, to challenge the conclusions. In the s, year-olds in a dozen nations were tested and also queried about how much they studied.
The no-homework policy of a second-grade teacher in Texas went viral last week , earning praise from parents across the country who lament the heavy workload often assigned to young students.
Did doing it make any difference? Majorly influential entrepreneurs like Elon Musk have taken their kids out of school because the system is clearly failing. Nevertheless, Cooper criticizes studies that use only one of these measures and argues in favor of those, like his own, that make use of both see Cooper et al.
In my experience, teachers can almost always identify several students who do poorly on standardized tests even though, by more authentic and meaningful indicators, they are extremely talented thinkers.
In , fourth graders who reported doing more than an hour of homework a night got exactly same score as those whose teachers assigned no homework at all. Law enforcement sources say 'unlikely'. The assumption that teachers are just assigning homework badly, that we'd start to see meaningful results if only it were improved, is harder and harder to justify with each study that's published.
Once the researchers controlled for other variables, such as the type of courses kids had taken, that relationship disappeared.