Research paper on the louisiana purchase
He believed that the United States government Page 1 of 7. When Jefferson addressed the Eighth Congress, he praised the purchase of Louisiana but said nothing about its constitutionality. Trow's Printing and Bookbinding Company, Jefferson redefined the nature of the executive office during his presidency. According to the Treaty of Fontainbleau written in , however, the piece of Louisiana that was located west of the Mississippi was ceded to Spain, while the British obtained the eastern portion.
The probability exists that had Napoleon's armies successfully conquered the island of Santo Domingo, they would have had a base of operations in the western hemisphere. Madison considered that the words of the amendment should simply read, Louisiana is admitted as a part of the Union. Gallatin went on to advise Jefferson that the United States as a nation has the right to acquire territory and that when the territory was gained by way of treaty "the same constituted authorities in whom the treaty making power is vested have a constitutional right to sanction the acquisition, and once a territory has been acquired Congress has the power of either of admitting into the Union as a new state, or of annexing to a State with the consent of that state, or of making regulations for the government of such territory.
While Congress prepared to convene on October 17, , Jefferson considered his options. Although Monroe had reached Paris prepared to take up the negotiations for the Louisiana Territory, the agreement was made in large part by Livingston.
Jefferson, the third President of the United States, remembered primarily for two great accomplishments: For sometime, he believed the Constitution had been violated, by making the purchase. The following day Griswold again led the debate for the Federalists. October , Napoleon sends a formidable military force to reconquer Santo Domingo, which was taken in a slave revolt around the s. For France the treaty ended hostilities with America and put American claims of indemnity for spoliation against the French on hold for the seizing of American vessels.
The agreement signed only vaguely defined boundaries and it was not clear if the purchase also included the western Florida and Texas. During the negotiations directly during the purchase Spain announced its claim to the territory of Oklahoma and the southwestern part of Kansas and Louisiana. This ignited an event that could well be a miracle, a man by the name of Juan Ventura Moralis, the Acting Intendant of Louisiana, brought to light the intention of Spain to abolish the right of deposit at New Orleans for any kind of cargo from the United States.
Cabot believed that the French were simply giving up territory that they were incapable of defending and looking to better their relations with America. No true Frenchman could forgive the emperor for trading away such a vast empire for so paltry a sum.
Rodney stated "Have we not also vested in us every power necessary for carrying such a treaty into effect? Jefferson stated his views of the purchase perhaps best in a letter to Doctor Joseph Priestly. Previously if I ever thought about the Louisiana Purchase I thought of it as a simple business transaction between the Colonies and Spain for a huge chunk of land.
Each customer will get a non-plagiarized paper with timely delivery. Jefferson chose the later suggestion and apparently now put aside his strict constructionist views and recognized a broad construction of the Constitution. While at dinner on the evening of April 12, , they encountered the French diplomat Marbois. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Marshall, viewed by Jefferson with a repugnance tinged by a shade of some deeper feeling, almost akin to fear. Read Full Essay Save.
This has been an area of debate because the Constitution does not specify how the United States can gain territory. Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of any kind. I realized that I never really payed much attention as to what led to the Louisiana Purchase, and why Napoleon would part with so much land in the first place, or what the Purchase did for America in the long-run.
The constitutional issue, decided oddly enough by a man that Jefferson despised as much as he did Hamilton. The Senate, after two days of debate, ratified the treaty by a vote of twenty-four to seven. Towards the end of the 18th century the jurisdiction of the territory was under Spanish rule.
Jefferson's Secretary of the Treasury, Albert Gallatin, was quick to discount this suggestion with his own opinion on the subject. In , Hamilton informed a fellow Federalist, Timothy Pickering, of the necessity of acquiring the Louisiana territory. Napoleon blamed the loss of the North American territory on the affair of Santo Domingo and called it his "Louisianicide.
They also feared the abuse of power obtainable by the central government by a broad interpretation of the Constitution.
Then certainly the thing would be possible if Congress would do it and the people consent to it This tactic worked for the Republicans, and Griswold was defeated by the slim margin of fifty-nine to fifty-seven. Napoleon quickly told his ministers, Talleyrand and Barbe-Marbois, to go and offer the whole Louisiana territory to the colonies.
Contained in Article eleven of the Articles of Confederation was the passage that, "Canada was to be admitted to the United States and also to be entitled to all the advantages of the Union. While the Americans pondered the prospect of having the French moving into the area across the Mississippi River, the French were embroiled in a violent struggle on the island of Santo Domingo.
Cabot believed the sale to be advantageous to the French. At the same time the majority of the Federalists attempted to adhere to a stricter interpretation of the Const itution.
The Louisiana Purchase would bring a great deal of discomfort to the Party. Agricultural goods from the territories of the United States, the west of the Appalachians were shipped at the end of the 18th century, mainly over the Mississippi. Later that evening the two diplomates effectually secured the bargain. Just visit our website and fill in the order form with all paper details: He said that when an instrument admits two constructions, the one safe, the other dangerous, the one precise, the other indefinite, I prefer that which is safe and precise.
The conquest of Santo Domingo was to be the first step in building France's western empire. Nicholson asserted that under the terms of the Constitution, the right to declare war was given to congress; the right to make treaties, to the President and Senate.
As we have seen, no where in the Constitution does it delegate how the United States is to procure new territory. The Republicans wanted the territory and considered an alliance with England in necessary. The stipulation that called for the immediate incorporation into the Union would be the subject of future debate in the United States. Senator Timothy Pickering of Massachusetts led the debate for the Federalists.
The treaty was only to stay in effect for a mere three years, with only the possibility of a renewal. The free US Politics research paper Louisiana Purchase essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. To some, the ambiguous nature of the Constitution appeared to be intentional on the part of the writers. The constitutional debates that followed would bring great concern to President Jefferson. On the next day Monroe reached Paris.
He still held to the idea that an amendment to the Constitution would be necessary to incorporate the Louisiana Territory into the Union. Cabot, unaware of Napoleon's discussion with Marbois, had correctly ascertained Napoleon's motivation.
Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions. This pleased the majority of Americans who were in favor of westward expansion, many of who were by now settling illegally in the Louisiana Territory.